Wy'East (Mount Hood)

This dormant volcano stands 11,239 feet tall with twelve glaciers that keep it snow-covered year round

Quick Facts

  • Elevation:  11,239 feet above sea level
  • Mt. Hood is the highest mountain in Oregon. 

  • It is the 4th highest mountain in the Cascade Mountain Range, a series of volcanoes that stretch from Mt. Garibaldi, British Columbia south to Mt. Lassen in Northern California.

  • The first white men "discovered" the mountain on October 29, 1792, when British Navy Lt. William E. Broughton and his crew (representing King George III) saw it from the Columbia River near the mouth of the Willamette River. Broughton named the peak for famed British naval officer (and later, Admiral) Alexander Arthur Hood (who never saw the mountain).

  • Mt. Hood is the second most climbed mountain in the world, second only to Japan’s holy Mt. Fujiyama (Mt. Fuji).

  • The famed climbing dog, Ranger, born in 1925, climbed an alleged 500 times during his life, with his owners and friends. Other animals sighted on the summit of Mt. Hood over the years include a badger, chipmunks, mice, a couple of bears, an elk, red foxes, a wolf, and three domestic sheep.

  • Mt. Hood boasts 5 ski areas: Timberline Lodge Ski Area, Mt. Hood Meadows, Mt. Hood Ski Bowl, Cooper Spur Ski Area, and Summit Ski Area.

    

    

    

    
Mount Hood, as seen today

 

 

While we know Mount Hood as a dormant volcano today, it wasn't always the quiet beauty that we see in the distance.  At least three different periods of activity have been documented, the last of which was as recent as 170 to 220 years ago when a lava dome, pyroclastic flows, and mud oozed without major explosive eruptions. 

 

In volcanic terms, this is recent history.  Or at least recent enough that it is remembered by people living in this region.  The last major eruption occurred in 1781–82 and ended shortly before the arrival of Lewis and Clark's Expendition in 1805. The latest minor eruptive event occurred in August 1907; the hot steam vents, or fumaroles at the top of Mount Hood demonstrate that there is still heat building inside the mountain.

 

Mount Hood is located 50-miles southeast of Portland and 22-miles south of the Columbia River in Oregon.